تازه های تحقیق
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most important factors in the development of a region is the availability of sufficient water resources and its quality status for various uses. Due to Iran's arid and semi-arid climate and water shortage, it is essential to pay attention to the water quality of its rivers.
Pishkooh-Taft Basin is an important watershed inthe east of Yazd province and located between 54º 15’- 53º 40’ east and 31º 50’- 31º 30’ north. Tezerjan fault of Taft Continues to the west with the northsouth trend. There are 3 gauging hydrometric stations in this area. TM images13 October 1991 and ETM+ 15 October 2011 of Landsat 7 were used to change the detection of the land use. In addition, to examine the physical and chemical properties of water in Taft, Islamiyah and Feyz-abad stations during 1361 to 1390 years were used. First of all, the method which was performed included geometric correction for fixing errors and adapting the images by the Digital topographic map scale of 1: 25,000. Then, land use was extracted by supervised classification, training samples, and maximum likelihood techniques. Next, to report the physical and chemical properties of anions and cations, TDS, conductivity and pH of the water, the stations were investigated during 1361 to 1370 and 1371 to 1390 years, and the data was evaluated using Mann-Whitney statistic.
The finding of land use showed that the wasteland and pastures were dominated and there was an increase in pastures compared to 1370, but there was a decline in covered meadows in 1390. To examine the relationship between land use changes and water quality, the elements of the water was dealt with. For this purpose, the physical and chemical properties of anions and cations, TDS, conductivity, and pH of the water between the years 1361 and 1370 and 1371 and 1390 were studied. The results of Mann-Whitney statistic in different elements and three stations showed that the difference between these two periods was significant in Taft station.
Discussion and conclusion
The effect of land use on water quality change over the period of 30 years showed a relative decline of water quality in Taft station and to some extent in Islamiyah station. This can be attributed to the increase in land occupancy and the existence of agricultural lands in Taft and Islamiyah Stations. However, in Feyz-abad station, due to the lack of habitat and agricultural lands and an increase in water flow, there was no decrease in water quality. On the other hand, the examination of the changes in the height of the stations showed that Taft station was in the outlet of the basin and had the minimum height which could affect the quality of the water. Several researchers (Townsend & Popcorn, 2009; Kazi et al., 2009; Travka, 2004; Orion, 1390) have studied the effect of reduction of water quality on increasing agricultural lands and urban areas which are in line with Taft station.